Rodos is the biggest island in Dodecanese complex and the fourth in extent island in the Aegean Sea and in the whole Greece as well. It is located in the crossroad of two big marine corridors of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Aegean Sea and the coasts of the Middle East such as Cyprus and Egypt. The city of Rodos is the capital of the homonymous island and the Dodecanese prefecture.
The island has an area of 1,398 square kilometers and a permanent population of 117,007 inhabitants (according the census of 2001). One of the major attractions is the Medieval Town of Rodos which constitutes Monument of World Heritage and is included in the corresponding list of UNESCO. It is the largest and best preserved fortified city in Europe with many Hellenistic, Byzantine, medieval and Ottoman monuments. In addition the Sources of Kallithea, the antiquities of Ialyssos, of Monte Smith, of Kameirou, the Acropolis of Lindos, all reveal the rich heritage of the island. In the hinterland, the all around green valley with the Butterflies, an enchanting and verdant valley which is full of streams with running waters and a lot of butterflies that the summertime submerge the region and offer an unprecedented spectacle.
The island is the seat of the Aegean University composed of the Department of Education, the Department of Sciences of Preschool Education and Educational Planning, and the Department of Mediterranean Study.
The most important religious festivals are the pilgrimage to Panagia Kremasti (first fortnight of August) accompagnied with rich cultural events,the pilgrimage to Panagia Tsambika (8 / 9), to San Soulas (end of July), to Virgin Mary in the village Skiadeni Mesanagros (Saturday of Lazarus - Sunday of Thomas) which is followed by the litany of the picture in a ritual way and finally the pilgrimage to Panagias Ypsenis in Lardos.